Lesson Plans

Artistic Lesson Plans

Class 1: Groovy Bouquet Floral Arrangement in a container

Design a floral arrangement in a water bottle, tin can, or plastic pot. You may want to choose bright colors that were popular in the 1960s like hot pink, orange, and electric blue.  You may include accessories.

Decoupage or paint the container for added interest.

For this activity, you will need the following:

  • Clean container, plastic water bottle, vase, jar, can, or cup
  • Floral foam, if needed
  • Flowers

Directions:

  1. Soak floral foam, if needed
  2. Fit floral foam into clean container
  3. Arrange flowers in container
  4. If using a water bottle arrange flower in bottle

Resources:

http://youreasygarden.com/easy-flower-arranging-for-kids/

http://davesgarden.com/guides/articles/view/4539/

http://www.bhg.com/decorating/home-accessories/flower-arranging/creative-flower-arrangement-containers/#page=1

http://www.lushome.com/15-creative-ideas-recycle-plastic-bottles-decorative-vases/172901 

 


Class 2: Powerful Pollinators - Crafty Creatures

Bees, hummingbirds, bats, butterflies, beetles, and flies are some familiar pollinators. Make a crafty creature that might pollinate flowers. Make a flower to go with your pollinator too.  Your crafty creature should be able to stand and be observed from all directions. For this activity, you will need the following:

  • Pine cones, twigs, seedpods, moss, bark, and other natural materials
  • Glue
  • Sturdy base to hold creature, if desired

Directions:

  1. Gather natural materials for creature
  2. Use glue to hold together materials
  3. A sturdy bas of cardboard will make standing easier
  4. Make sure to identify your creature or animal

Resources:

http://pollinator.org/assets/generalFiles/curriculum.pdf 

http://www.scholastic.com/parents/resources/article/craft-activities/pine-cone-creatures

https://kids.kiddle.co/Pollination

 


Class 3: Love Beads - Wearable Art

Create a piece of jewelry that is inspired by nature.  Make a necklace, bracelet, earrings, or belt buckle. You may paint your piece.  For this activity, your will need the following:

  • Seeds, twigs, dried flowers or fruit or other natural materials
  • Hemp twine for stringing or wire
  • Paint
  • Glue

Directions:

  1. Gather seeds, dried plants or fruits, twigs, and seeds and fashion them into a jewelry piece
  2. You may use shells
  3. Paint your piece to look like gold, silver, turquoise or other jewels
  4. Display your jewelry

Resources:

https://www.pinterest.com/susanmomof5/kids-crafts-natural-materials/

https://www.backwardglances.com/funky-fashion-jewelry-accessories/60s-mod-jewelry-hippie-jewelry/

 


Class 4: Garden Hat – Hat Design

Decorate a hat that keeps the sun off your face whole working in the garden.  Or make a fun floral crown from fresh or dried flowers.  Use only natural materials such as dried flowers, weeds, seeds, etc.  No plastic or silk flowers permitted.

See links for making a floral crown below.

For the hat activity, you will need the following:

  • A rain hat, baseball cap, or another hat of your choice. 
  • Dried flowers, seeds, twigs or other natural material
  • Glue

Directions:

  1. Choose your hat
  2. Glue natural materials to hat to create your design
  3. Allow hat to dry and display

Resources:

http://www.wikihow.com/Decorate-a-Hat  (Please use natural materials only!)

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=hats+decorated+with+fresh+flowers&qpvt=hats+decorated+with+fresh+flowers&FORM=IGRE

https://www.wikihow.com/Make-a-Flower-Crown

https://abeautifulmess.com/2013/11/how-to-make-a-fresh-flower-crown.html


Class 5: Monet Mosaics – Grain Art

Create a mosaic design of flowers using beans, seeds and grains. 

For this activity, your will need the following:

  • Cardboard or foam core board
  • Assorted grains, seeds and beans of varied colors
  • Glue

Directions:

  1. Select a design that interests you
  2. Plan the design and sketch it on your base
  3. Glue the grains in place and let your work dry

Resources:

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=Seed+Art&FORM=IRIBEP

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=Seed+Mosaic&FORM=RESTAB

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=Mosaic+Art&FORM=RESTAB

 


Class 6: Pollinators on Petals – Pressed Flowers

Choose a design that features pollinators and their favorite flower from pressed flowers, plant petals, or dried leaves.  Finished design should not be larger than 8”x11”.  It can be framed and under glass.

For this activity, your will need the following:

  • Paper or cardboard, no larger than 8”x11”
  • Pressed flower petals, plants, and leaves
  • Tacky glue, school glue or glue stick (please note that glue is prohibited in pressed flower designs entered in the Philadelphia Flower Show)
  • Acrylic spray to preserve flowers, if desired
  • Frame to display your design

Directions:

  1. Select your landscape design
  2. Choose flower and leaf parts and petals
  3. Apply glue dot with toothpick on the back of petal and place on your paper
  4. Continue this process until design is complete
  5. Spray deign with acrylic sealer
  6. Frame under glass to preserve the design

Resources:

http://www.redtedart.com/2012/06/04/how-to-press-flowers/

http://makingpressedflowerartandcrafts.blogspot.com/2010/05/gluing-sealing-your-pressed-flowers.html


Class 7: Monumental Garden Sculptures – Recycled Materials

Make a statue, birdbath, or garden creature from recycled materials. Your creation must be able to be viewed from all sides.

For this activity, your will need the following:

  • Milk jugs, cardboard tubes, cardboard boxes, egg cartons, containers and lids, and other recycled materials that you find.
  • Buttons, pipe cleaners,
  • Tape, wire, twine, and glue to hold your creation together
  • Paint or markers to decorate

Directions:

  1. Plan your bird bath or statue design, see resources links below
  2. Assemble your components with glue, wire, or twine
  3. Use paint or markers to decorate
  4. Glue on any decorative objects
  5. Let dry and make sure your birdbath is ready to be viewed from all sides

Resources:

http://www.homemadehomeideas.com/12-beautiful-diy-bird-bath-ideas/

https://thekindergartenconnection.com/spring-craft-diy-bird-bath/

https://www.notimeforflashcards.com/2012/04/how-to-make-a-bird-bath.html

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=recycled+materials+statues+for+kids+to+make&qpvt=recycled+materials+statues+for+kids+to+make&FORM=IGRE

 


Class 8: Tie Dye Prints – Fruit and Vegetable Print or a Nature Rubbing

Make a unique design in the shape of a piece sign or flower from a cut fruit or vegetable, or make a design from rubbings of leaves, plants, or sticks. 

For this activity, your will need the following:

  • Colored or white paper
  • A fruit of vegetable cut in a unique shape for paint design
  • Assorted paints in a bowl
  • Natural leaves, plants or twigs for rubbing design
  • Colored pencils or crayons

Directions:

  1. Cut fruit or vegetable pieces
  2. Dip fruit or vegetables in paint to make your design
  3. For rubbing design, place leaves or twigs under paper
  4. Use colored pencils to create your design

Resources:

How to Make Fruit and Vegetable Prints: http://www.kinderart.com/printmaking/fruit.shtml

How to Make Leaf Rubbing Design: http://www.ehow.com/how_18468_leaf-rubbing.html


Class 9: Far Out Flower Pots – Flower Pots

Make or decorate a flower pot that incorporates flowers in the design.  Your project can be ceramic fired clay, a can with paper twists covering it, decoupage on a glass container, or clay pot. You may also choose to make a flower pot and If you’d like, fill your flower pot with a plant, or cut flowers.  Use your imagination. 

For this activity, your will need the following:

  • Clay pot, glass jar, can, plastic container, or any other vessel that could hold flowers.
  • Paints, decoupage materials, pipe cleaners, or any other decorative supplies
  • Soil and seeds, a plant or cut flowers.

Directions:

  1. Select a vessel to hold water, flowers, or a plant that interests you.
  2. Decorate your pot in inspired way by a water scene or Delaware Valley waterways.
  3. Fill you pot with soil and seeds, a plant or cut flowers

Resources:

http://www.childrensart.info/flower-pots/

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=painting%20flower%20pots%20for%20kids&qs=n&form=QBIR&sp=-1&pq=painting%20flower%20pots%20for%20kids&sc=1-29&sk=&cvid=DD1C6376B5254D9C826FDD50EA81806A

 


Class 10: Let’s Hang Out – Mobile

Use recycled materials to create a mobile that features bees, bats, butterflies or hummingbirds and the flowers they pollinate.

For this activity, your will need the following:

  • A wire hanger, wooden sticks or another support mechanism for your mobile
  • Egg cartons, wooden spools, aluminum can top,
  • Twine or wire
  • Glue
  • Paint or markers for decorating

Directions:

  1. Choose your materials to make you mobile’s components
  2. Make sure to represent the different parts of the pollinator process
  3. Paint or color each part of the mobile
  4. Attach to the hanger with twine or wire
  5. Hang your mobile for all to see

Resources:

http://lemonlimeadventures.com/recycled-craft-rainbow-garden-mobile

http://pollinatorlive.pwnet.org/teacher/lessons.php

https://www.artistshelpingchildren.org/mobilesartscraftsideaskids.html


Class 11: “Instagram” Nature – Photography

Capture nature’s beauty through photography

For this activity, your will need the following:

  • Digital camera or cell phone
  • Photo paper
  • A photo mat or frame

Directions:

  1. Walk around your neighborhood or school yard and observe nature
  2. Take a picture of shapes and patterns in nature that interests you
  3. Print out your picture
  4. Display on paper or with a photo mat

Resources:

http://www.morning-earth.org/ARTISTNATURALISTS/AN_Goldsworthy.html

http://www.pollinator.org/index.html

https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2015/05/19/announcing-new-steps-promote-pollinator-health


Class 12: Drawing History Botanical Illustrations

Choose watercolor, ink, pencil, or paint to depict your favorite flower in a botanical illustration.

For this activity, your will need the following:

  • Paper
  • Painting or drawing medium

Directions:

  1. Choose the subject of your drawing
  2. Use pencil to draw the design
  3. Make sure that your drawing is realistic with as many details as possible, you may include seed pods on your drawing.
  4. Use watercolors, colored pencils, or acrylic paints to color the flower

Resources:

http://piedmont.k12.ca.us/havens/tsmith/curriculum/science/botany/botanical%20illustration/botanical%20illustrations/

http://www.wikihow.com/Draw-Botanical-Plants

http://www.lizzieharper.co.uk/news/article/47/Botanical_Illustration_step_by_step_-_Painting_a_Sweet_Pea_-_July_26th_2013

 

Hort Classes Lesson Plans

Class 13: Flowering Plant in a Pot

Exhibit a flowering plant in bloom in the Junior Flower Show

For this activity you will need the following:

  • One plant shown for its’ flowers that the student has cared for a minimum of one month prior to the Junior Flower Show

Directions:

  1. Exhibit your plant for the judges at the PHS Junior Flower Show

Resources:

http://www.bhg.com/gardening/houseplants/projects/blooming-houseplants/#page=9

http://houseplants.about.com/od/pickingahouseplan1/a/FloweringPlants.htm


Class 14: Foliage Plant in a Pot

Exhibit a plant foliage (non-flowering) plant in the Junior Flower Show

For this activity you will need the following:

  • One plant shown for its’ flowers that the student has cared for a minimum of one month prior to the Junior Flower Show

Directions:

  1. Exhibit your plant for the judges at the PHS Junior Flower Show

Resources:

http://www.gardenguides.com/67861-care-indoor-foliage-plants.html


Class 15: Container Grown Vegetables

Exhibit a vegetable in the Junior Flower Show

For this activity you will need the following:

  • One vegetable plant that the student has cared for a minimum of one month prior to the Junior Flower Show

Directions:

  1. Exhibit your plant for the judges at the PHS Junior Flower Show

Resources:

http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/special/children/fun-plants-for-kids.htm


Class 16: Cactus and Succulents

Exhibit a plant that requires little or no water.  Cacti or succulents are good choices.

For this activity, you will need the following:

  • A drought tolerant plant that the student has cared for a minimum of one month prior to the Junior Flower Show
  • Directions:

Exhibit your plant for the judges at the PHS Junior Flower Show

Resources:

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/cacti-succulents/scgen/cacti-succulents-inside-your-home.htmhttp://www.bhg.com/gardening/flowers/perennials/guide-to-succulents/


Class 17: Seed and Grow

Plant a seed in a cup or pot and watch it sprout.

For this activity you will need the following:

  • Small paper cup or pot
  • Soil mixture
  • Seed
  • Plastic saucer

Directions:

  1. Use a pencil to poke 3 to 4 drainage holes in the bottom of the cup
  2. Fill the cup until it is three quarters full of soil
  3. Moisten the soil
  4. Poke a hole with the pencil, typically 1/8 inch deep-but check seed specifications
  5. Plant seed
  6. Place cup on saucer with water

Resources:

http://www.gardenguides.com/116978-plant-seeds-cup.html


Class 18: Bean View

Grow a bean seed in a plastic bag or between two glass or plastic pieces in a frame with a clamp.

For this activity you will need the following:

  • A clear zip lock sandwich bag or two pieces of glass or plastic held together by a clamp
  • A bean seed
  • Moist paper towels or cotton balls
  • Permanent marker

Directions:

  1. Distribute plastic bags and have students write their names on bags
  2. Each student should dampen paper towels and fold in fourths
  3. Place bean seed on paper towel and place in bag and seal
  4. Tape each bag to a sunny window
  5. Beans should germinate in 3 to 7 days
  6. Observe and record the growth.
  7. Transplant your seed into your garden or a pot, weather permitting
  8. You can do the same activity between two pieces of glass or plastic with a moist paper towel at the bottom of the glass.

Resources:

http://www.greeneducationfoundation.org/institute/lesson-clearinghouse/294-How-to-Grow-Beans-in-a-Plastic-Bag.html


Class 19: Dish Garden

Assemble a miniature landscape of three or more plants in a shallow bowl or planter

For this activity you will need the following:

  • A shallow dish no more than 15 inches in diameter
  • Soil Mixture
  • Three or more small plants, succulents or alpine plants are good plant choices
  • Accessories or small figurines

Directions:

  1. Add a few inches of soil to shallow container, a terra cotta bowl is a good choice
  2. Use cactus soil for succulents, you do not need drainage holes.
  3. Use a spoon to put plants into soil.
  4. Add accessories to enhance container and decorative pebbles or sand as top dressing
  5. You may use a clean paintbrush to clean soil off plants
  6. Water as needed, sparingly if you choose succulents as your plants.

Resources:

http://www.wikihow.com/Create-a-Dish-Garden

http://www.guide-to-houseplants.com/cactus-dish-garden.html


Class 20: Terrarium

Assemble a miniature landscape of three or more plants in a covered container.

For this activity you will need the following:

  • A glass or plastic covered container
  • Soil Mixture
  • Small rocks or pieces of wood
  • At least three miniature plants
  • Accessories or small figurines

 Directions:

  1. Add several inches of  soil to the container
  2. Moisten soil  with  water
  3. Arrange plants according to height size.  Make sure taller plants are in the back
  4. Use a spoon to push soil around plant roots
  5. Water and place in a sunny spot

Resources:

http://www.gardenguides.com/102114-start-terrarium.html

http://www.stormthecastle.com/terrarium/beginners-guide-to-a-terrarium-in-one-hour.htm


Class 21: Green ‘n’ Growin

Propagate a seed or cutting and display in the PHS Junior Flower Show. Try to choose a native plant and transplant into your garden.  Name the means of propagation.

For this activity you will need the following:

  • A seed or plant cutting
  • Soil mixture
  • Small clean container
  • Water
  • Well lit window or grow light

Directions:

  1. Place potting mix in a clean pot
  2. Place seed into soil.  If using a cutting, make sure to orient the cutting with the upward-growing end pointing up
  3. Place pot in a sunny location or under a heat lamp
  4. Water as directed
  5. Check  on your seeds daily
  6. Enter your plant in the PHS Junior Flower Show

Resources:

http://plantpropagation.com/cuttings.htm  

http://www.burpee.com/vegetables/vegetable-seeds/indoor-seed-starting-article10002.html

http://containergardening.about.com/od/containergardening101/a/Seedmistakes.htm


Class 22: Garbage Gardening

In this activity children will have the opportunity to grow plants from root crops that have been used in cooking.

For this activity you will need one of the following materials:

  • Carrots
  • Turnips
  • White or sweet potatoes
  • Beets
  • Onions
  • Pineapples

Directions:

  1. Carrots or other root crops, such as turnips or beets, make a great garbage garden project for the kids. You will need carrots with the tops intact and about 2 inches of carrot. Fill a container with pea gravel or the like, water and place the carrots, cut side down on top. Celery can also be grown from the cut base.
  2. Also try the water glass suspension, can also be attempted with yams, sweet and white potatoes. Look for a potato with eyes and poke several toothpicks into the spud. Place this in a glass of water, wherein the water only touches the lower 1/3 of the potato, and then leave in a darkened area until you begin to see sprouting.
  3. Move the sprouting spud into the light and watch her grow. You can also try this method with green onions, leeks, garlic and even lemongrass for an edible garbage garden.
  4. Record your findings on a regular basis and journal the results

Resources:         

http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/special/children/garbage-gardening-ideas.htm

http://naturalsociety.com/grow-garden-garbage-5-things-plant-food-scraps/

http://themindunleashed.org/2014/05/grow-garden-garbage-5-plants-grow-food-scraps.html


Class 23: Hydroponics

Help children, will make a simple hydroponic system from water bottles.

For this activity, you will need:

  • Plastic water bottle (any size)
  • Undyed cotton yarn or other wicking material
  • Hydroponic nutrient solution, liquid fertilizer or water
  • Growing media (perlite or coconut coir)
  • Duct tape or other water resistant tape

Directions:

  1. Cut off the top of the bottle with a sissors or knife at the point where the curve of the top meets the straight sidesFill pot with clean gravel, potting soil mix or peat moss
  2. Turn the top portion of the bottle over and insert it into the bottom so that the lid is inside of the bottle. Mark the bottle at the point where the lid is, giving you a point of reference for adding nutrient solution.
  3. Puncture or drill a hole in the lid that is large enough for a piece of yarn or other wick material to pass throughWater the bulbs generously
  4. Thread yarn or wick through the hole in the lid, making sure that it is long enough to reach the bottom of the bottle with at least 1 or 2 inches remaining in the top portion. This wick will act as the nutrient delivery system for your hydroponic system.
  5. Remove the top of the bottle from the bottom and pour water into the bottom portion. Use the mark you previously made as a guide, making sure that you don't fill it so full that it will touch the top portion once the entire system is assembled.
  6. Reinsert the top portion of the bottle into the bottom, allowing the wick to fall into the nutrient solution. Secure the top of the bottle to the bottom using duct tape or other waterproof tape
  7. Moisten some perlite with water and place it into the top portion of the bottle. Thread the wick through the perlite so that it will draw nutrients from the bottom of the bottle into the perlite-filled top section.
  8. Place a seed the perlite. The seedling will draw nutrients from the dampened perlite, and as those nutrients are absorbed, additional nutrient solution will be drawn up the wick from the lower portion of the bottle
  9. Remove the tape holding the top and bottom portions of the bottle together to remove the top section and add more nutrient solution to the bottom, as required. Once refilled, secure the pieces together again with additional tape.

Resources:

http://homeguides.sfgate.com/build-hydroponic-system-out-water-bottles-45278.html

http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-a-super-easy-hydroponics-system/

http://www.epicgardening.com/hydroponics-for-kids/